Easter dating system
It is observed on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the first day of spring in the Northern Hemisphere.
This means that the festival can occur on any Sunday between March 22 and April 25.
A principal astronomical problem involved was the discrepancy between the solar year and the lunar year, and thus, the Julian calendar then in use.
Numerous alternatives for fixing the date of the feast were tried by the church but proved unsatisfactory, so Easter was celebrated on different dates in different parts of the world.
Defined in Leviticus 23:5 to be a perpetual ordinance (cf.
In the UK Easter is one of the major Christian festivals of the year.
Many theologians believe Easter itself is named after the Anglo-Saxon goddess of the dawn and spring - Eostre.
Traditional pagan fertility symbols of both rabbits and eggs continue to be associated with this holiday.
The council unanimously ruled that the Easter festival should be celebrated throughout the Christian world on the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox; and that if the full moon should occur on a Sunday, and thereby coincide with the Passover festival, Easter should be commemorated on the following Sunday.
As a result of the Council of Nicea, and amended by numerous subsequent meetings, the formal church deliberately attempted to design a formula for “Easter” which would any possibility of it falling on the Jewish Passover, even accidentally!
In 1928 the British Parliament enacted a measure allowing the Church of England to commemorate Easter on the first Sunday after the second Saturday in April. The aged Apostolic Father Polycarp visited Rome circa 154 A.
Despite these steps toward a consolidation, Easter continues to be a “movable” feast. D., at which time he discussed the difference in Paschal’s calculation with Bishop Anicetus and reached an amicable compromise.