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The Pen’s (Muhammad’s finger) act of splitting the Tablet (moon) into two is possibly a reference to this wondrous sign of the Prophet, as noted in this sura. 17 Qur’an, 54 ( al-Qamar , The Moon) refers to an incident when the people of Mecca asked the Prophet to show them a miracle by splitting the moon into two, and Muham¬ mad did so by pointing his finger. M.), John Huntington, and Andrew Shelton for their inspiration and mentorship while I was a graduate student at the Ohio State University. I also wish to thank Professors James Morganstern (Mr. 18 Praises of pure gratitude and sincere | salutations to the noble soul of that unlettered prophet ( nebi-i ummi)' 9 of exalted rank, the messenger of agreeable [and] dignified virtues! Previous Scholarship on the Epic Deeds of Artists . With the mighty Pen, the Scribe of Creation fashioned On two pages the design of fickle fortune.BOSTON 2011 Cover illustration: Lala Mustafa Pasha and Mustafa ‘Ali (top left) visiting the tomb of Jalal al-Din Rumi in Konya, from Nusretname (The Book of Victory, TKS H. [They are] the eloquent authors, tughra-kashs 32 with lofty positions; scribes of the chancery offices (divan) of exalted grandees; and accountants who keep the books of the treasury; above all, the judges and governors of the time; and the able, assiduous [pen holders] who are in need of help.
Synopsis of Relationships among Manuscript Versions. Ay§e Ataman for helping me pursue my academic training in the United States, and to my husband, Osman Kivam;, for sharing me with Mustafa ‘Ali and for supporting me with love, humor, patience, and culinary feasts.
Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Global Oriental, Hotei Publishing, IDC Publishers, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers and VSP. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher. Western scholars, on the other hand, usually interpret that Qur’anic phrase to mean “the Prophet of the common folk.” According to these scholars, as a merchant in his early life, Muhammad would have known how to read and write.
A45 2011 709.2'2561-dc22 [B] 2011016207 ISSN 0929-2403 ISBN 978 90 04 17872 4 Copyright 2011 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. According to the second explanation, it is a spiritual qalam of light, which wrote down all the things that are to happen until the last judgment; see El, vol. 19 Some Muslim traditions hold that Muhammad was illiterate in the literal sense of the word, while other traditions interpret the Prophet’s illiteracy in the sense that he was one who needed no learning.
Finally, I am forever indebted to two special persons: to Ms.
Through encouragement, friendship, and constructive criticism, they helped shape and refine my identity as a scholar and teacher.